Brick and lace dating
Defences, consisted initially of a ditch and bank in the early 12th century.
The ditch was later widened, in the mid-13th century, and a stone wall built around much of the perimeter of the town.
Everything had a modern look, and a large space in the centre was hardly less handsome than a London square. with its high houses, red roofs and church steeples, looks excellent from a distance." During the Industrial Revolution, much of Nottingham's prosperity was founded on the textile industry; in particular, the city became an internationally important centre of lace manufacture.
A charming footpath leads over the fields to the highway, where a bridge spans the Trent. In 1831 citizens rioted in protest against the Duke of Newcastle's opposition to the Reform Act 1832, setting fire to his residence, Nottingham Castle.
Trams were reintroduced after 68 years when a new network opened in 2004.
During the second half of the 20th century Nottingham saw urban growth with the development of new public and private housing estates and new urban centres, which have engulfed former rural villages such as Bilborough, Wollaton, Gedling and Bramcote.It was besieged by Richard and, after a sharp conflict, was captured.giving it effective self-government, in the words of the charter, "for eternity".It was expanded in 1877 by adding the parishes of Basford, Brewhouse Yard, Bulwell, Radford, Sneinton, Standard Hill, and parts of the parishes of West Bridgford, Carlton, Wilford (North Wilford).In 1889 Nottingham became a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888.
South of the river there has also been expansion with new areas such as Edwalton and West Bridgford, adding to Nottingham's urban sprawl.